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Information Technology and Computer Career Descriptions

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If you are thinking about a career in the computer field, there are many specialties you can explore. This page lists some of the most common and fastest growing occupations that you might want to consider. You'll find out what goes on in each job, the training requirements, and the outlook for future employment.

Computer Programmers and Software Engineers

Computer programmers write the code that allows a computer to function. Software engineers write the specifications for how a computer program should work, and are more involved with the logical design of the application or operating system being written. In many cases, the person doing the programming is the same person writing the specifications, in this case, they may have a job title of Programmer-Analyst.

  • The Software Engineer Career Overview describes the differences between computer programmers and software engineers, and lists some of the typical duties in the field.
  • If you're thinking about becoming a programmer or analyst, you won't be surprised to learn that you need to think logically, and will probably have to have some formal training.
  • Software engineering is one of the fastest growing career fields today.

Systems Administrators and Customer Support Representatives

As computers take on an ever-larger role in homes and businesses today, someone has to make sure they keep running properly, and solve the inevitable glitches that arise. Help desk technicians and customer support representatives typically assist computer users in learning how to use hardware and software, and solving problems. Systems administrators are responsible for an organization's computer resources as a whole, including things like email servers, networks, and other resources.

  • The Computer Support and Systems Administrator Career Overview provides job descriptions and typical duties of those involved in systems administration and support.
  • While you don't need a degree to get started in the systems administration field, your advancement potential improves greatly with a degree, and possibly continuing education. Get more information in our section on training and educational requirements.
  • This career path is expected to be one of the fastest growing in the early 21st century.